Qianhai plans to win transshipment cargo
Recently, the container terminal industry in Hong Kong has continued to drop in throughput, fierce competition brought by neighboring ports, and the Sino-US trade war have become the focus of talk in the city. In view of this, Zhuo Jian has created a series of "Container Terminal Prospects" and invited experts and scholars to write articles to analyze the current situation, challenges and prospects of container terminals in depth, and propose solutions.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has recently traveled south to Guangdong to host the opening ceremony for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge. This southern tour is regarded as the central government's high priority for promoting the development of the Greater Bay Area. During the tight schedule, Xi Jinping also specially arranged a visit to Qianhai, Shenzhen, which was interpreted by the outside world as being not only a key development project of the municipal government, but also affirmed and supported by the central government.
Recently, Qianhai Free Trade Port Area has introduced important measures. Some newspapers have reported that Shenzhen authorities intend to develop Qianhai into a “sea shipping international transfer distribution center”. The Qianhai Free Trade Port Area supervises warehouses and imports overseas. Cargo, international transshipment cargo, and export cargo within the region, creating a "Qianhai model" of Multi-Country Consolidation (MCC). Under this model, enterprises can realize one-stop business in Qianhai, including global cargo collection, transit distribution, import and export assembling, assembling and importing imported and transit goods around the world to Qianhai Bonded Port Area for processing. Export directly by air. At present, Hong Kong ports are dominated by transit freight. This measure will further affect the continuous decline in throughput of Hong Kong ports.
The report even pointed out that when the Shenzhen shipping industry met with industry professionals, it called on the industry to move overseas transit transportation business through Hong Kong to Qianhai, Shenzhen. This shows that the status of Hong Kong's port industry is at stake.
Nansha Port Rises Rapidly
In June of this year, the Shenzhen Municipal Government launched "Several Opinions on Promoting the Accelerated Development of Shenzhen Port", detailing a series of suggestions, proposing "Shenzhen to be a global marine center city" and "Shenzhen port to be a green and intelligent global hub port." And the development goal of "Building an International Shipping Centre with Hong Kong" and exploring the construction of a Shenzhen-Hong Kong combined port with Qianhai as a platform. For Hong Kong, the construction of a Shenzhen-Hong Kong combined port is a crisis and an opportunity, and it is not yet expected. Among them, Hong Kong will be more or less in order to challenge the newly emerging Nansha Port.
The development of the Greater Bay Area should focus on complementary advantages. Over the years, three major ports in Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou have their unique positioning and division of labor. The Chief Executive Lin Zhengyue has entered the Greater Bay Area Leading Group under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister Han Zheng, and can take this opportunity to propose the establishment of coordination and operation of the ports in the zone, make good use of resources, reduce internal consumption, and achieve mutual benefit. Winning goal. As a hub port for international transit, Hong Kong can continue to play its important role as a re-export of South China; Shenzhen ports are closer to production sites and can be exported; Guangzhou focuses on domestic trade and supports other major ports with other small ports.
Actively respond to surrounding competition
Lin Zhengyue should seize the opportunity to be included in the central structure, look forward, and promote a clear division of labor in the three Bay Area port groups in Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou to jointly strive for cargo volume. It is a pity that the section on "Shipping and Logistics" in the Chief Executive's latest Policy Address has not touched on the future development of the port.
Facing the dilemma of continuous decline in throughput, the port industry of Hong Kong should strengthen itself and actively deal with the surrounding competition, otherwise the freight volume will only shrink further under the double pinch of the Sino-US trade war and peripheral competition.
Recently, scholars Hong Kong Hang Seng University (formerly known as the Hang Seng School of Management) suggested that the Kwai Tsing Container Terminal could use resource sharing to enhance the port's attractiveness. For example, terminal operators can share facilities such as berths, cranes and container yards, as well as cooperate on operating systems to reduce the time for cargo ships to wait outside the terminal for loading and unloading. If container terminal operators can refer to the relevant suggestions, gathering together to discuss the best way to collaborate between terminals should help Hong Kong ports meet the challenges of neighboring ports.