When the quantity you ship suffices to fill the space of a container FCL (Full Container Load) is the best and most cost effective solution. In FCL, the goods are kept in the same container occupied by the same shipper. FCL is usually faster and safer against damage and pilferage of goods than LCL due to less processing.
FCL (Full Container Load) usually involves one single shipper for one single consignee to one single destination port. The shippers is responsible for packing, counting, loading the goods into the container and seal it. This is referred to as SLAC (Shipper’s Load, Count, & Seal). Unpacking of goods the container is normally handled by the consignee.
In most cases FCL is a better option if the volume of goods is over 20 CBM (cubic meter).
In shipping history containerization has been developed since the mid-20th century. Through the past decades many different types and sizes of containers were developed to meet changing needs in international transportation.
To make a common platform and standardization to all containers possible, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) established the following:
Containers with length that measure 20-feet were referred to as TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit)
Containers with length that measure 40-feet were referred to as FEUs (Forty-foot Equivalent Unit) or more commonly, as Two-TEUs
In short, 1 FEU = 2 TEU’s
We offers three types of most commonly used full containers, amongst others;
20' : Can accommodate cargo volume 28-30 CBM
40' : Can accommodate cargo volume 58-60 CBM
40‘ High-Cube (or HQ) : Can accommodate cargo volume 60-68 CBM
Other than the above there are many other types of containers:
45’ container & 53’ container that are mainly used in North America to fit the capacity of inter-state trailers running on highways.
Open-Top Container – for heaving or bulky piece that cannot be loaded into containers with door the rear to be placed onto the container above. If the goods being shipped is not over-height, an Open-Top container can be covered by canvas when stowed onto a vessel.
Flat-Rack Container – The name tells how it is like. A Flat-Rack container is similar to the base of a match box where large piece, for example machinery, bus, can be placed.
Temperature Controlled Container – It is more commonly known as Reefer Container. Providing temperature controlled environment during transit , reefer container is widely adopted by cargo owners of perishable goods, for example fresh fruit, dairy products, meat & poultry, marine products, pharmaceuticals, temperature sensitive cargoes like certain kind of chemicals, photographic film, or high-valued table wines.
ISO Tank Container – It is like a tank but in standardized dimensions in line with the measurements of TEU or FEU to enable handling by haulers and container terminal. ISO Tank is used to carry liquid. There are strict compliance to adhere to for the right ISO tank to be used for edible goods , for example fruit juice or pulps, bulk wine, versus non-edible goods, for example chemical.